PENGARUH IJTIHAD IMAM SYAFI’I TERHADAP PERAN AKAL DALAM PEMBENTUKAN HUKUM ISLAM

  • Imam Syafi’i Universitas Islam Zainul Hasan Genggong Probolinggo
  • Abdul Aziz Institut Agama Islam Ibrahimy Genteng Banyuwangi, Indonesia

Abstract

Abstract


Imam Shafi'i positions human reason in the Istimbat al-Ahkam as a mediation of the 'Aqliyah proposition to reveal the purpose of God in the form of Nash, which sometimes has a relative nature (Dhahir, Mujmal, 'Aam, Mutlaq Etc.) where the mujtahid exploits his mind to reveal Nash's goal is to be grounded. That is in accordance with human expectations on this earth "Maslahah Lil Muslimin Wa al-Muslimah". However, once the role of reason remains in harmony and subject to the texts, this can be seen where Imam Shafi'i does not recognize Istihsan as one of the istinbâth procedures and also rejects Imam Malik's al-Masalih al-Mursalah. This has an impact on his followers, especially in the position of malahah as hujjah as-Syar'iyyah. When malahah is considered to be in conflict with texts, ijmâ' or qiyâs, the Shafi'iyah and Hanâbilah schools are of the opinion that if the malahah conflicts with the texts, then what must be prioritized is the text and the position of the malahah is not recognized for its validity. Because according to them malahah mursalah can be taken later after there is a decision from the texts or fatwas of friends.

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Published
2022-01-20
How to Cite
SYAFI’I, Imam; AZIZ, Abdul. PENGARUH IJTIHAD IMAM SYAFI’I TERHADAP PERAN AKAL DALAM PEMBENTUKAN HUKUM ISLAM. AL-ASHLAH : Jurnal Hukum Keluarga dan Hukum Islam, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 1, p. 045-058, jan. 2022. ISSN 2829-6346. Available at: <https://ejournal.iaiibrahimy.ac.id/index.php/al_ashlah/article/view/1255>. Date accessed: 19 may 2024.